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PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

Hydrogen is one of the most promising energy carriers for the future of fuel. It is a high efficiency, low polluting fuel that can be used in power plants and in places power generation where it is difficult to use electricity. Since hydrogen gas is not found in its natural state on earth, it must be created.

HYDROGEN+TUKS created and developed through the process of Nucleophilic Diesel Oil that produces a natural chemical bonding with water using a normal splash mixing. The reaction achieved due to (electron substitution) by donating both bond electrons. Because nucleophiles donate electrons, they are by definition all atoms with a free pair of electrons can act as nucleophiles. The NDO is an electron rich chemical reactant that is so much attracted to water deficient electron compounds, it attacks deficiency of water compounds to form a new single product which can be considered water “lover” and “diesel lover”. Thus, the formulation of a married product between Nucleophilic Diesel Oil and HYDROGEN is now called HYDROGEN+TUKS which is an energy carrier.

The process is the separation of diesel chemical ions and when it does, the departure of the leaving group occurs simultaneously with the backside attack by the nucleophile. The SN2 reaction thus leads to a predictable configuration of the stereocenter, it proceeds with inversion (reversal of the configuration). In the SN1 reaction, a planar carbenium ion is formed first, which then reacts further with the nucleophile. Since the nucleophile is free to attack from either side, this reaction is associated with racemization.

NANO Particles is exclusively developed by Willem Tuks Lavarias using state-of-the-art Heat Exchanger Reactors (HER) through the formulated metals. HER process is the heated metal chamber through electrolysis, when the heat introduce to the chamber with 400 degrees centigrade temperature the particles and atoms starts to disintegrate into a tiny nanonised particles. Normally, after it cools down the disintegrated particles & atoms will just return to its normal condition thereby desired chemical specification is hard to achieve. However, with HER technology using the formulated metals the disintegrated particles will permanently decompose due to substituted electrons. The permanent particles and atoms will create opposite attraction with different levels of electrons, it means diesel oil’s nanonised particles will surely attract water particles or they may call them “water lover or diesel lover”.

TECHNICAL ISSUES

THERE ARE SEVERAL ISSUES THAT NEEDS TO ADDRESS WHEN USING THE HYDROGEN FUEL IN POWER PLANTS like the following adverse effect;

CORROSION (very critical issue)
COMBUSTION
CALORIFIC VALUE
CETANE NUMBER

CORROSION from OXYDATION & SULPHUR CONTENT:

A freshly cut apple turns brown, and a steam boiler becomes rusty. What do all of these events have in common? They are all examples of a process called OXYDATION. Oxidation is defined as the interaction between oxygen molecules and all the different substances they may contact, from metal to living tissue.

All fuels (gaseous fuel, liquid fuel, and solid fuel) has comprise some sulphur if it is burned will generate compounds which can cause corrosion. Sometimes oxidation is not such a bad thing, as in the formation of super durable anodized aluminum. We often used the words oxidation and rust interchangeably, but not all materials which interact with oxygen molecules actually disintegrate into rust.

When it involves oxygen, the process of oxidation depends on the amount of oxygen present in the air and the nature of the material it touches. True oxidation happens on a molecular level, we only see the large scale effects as the oxygen causes free radicals on the surface to break away. This is why most fruits and vegetables arrive in good condition at the grocery store. Once the skin has been broken, however, the individual cells come in direct contact with air and the oxygen molecules start burning them.

Oxidation will always be a problem for metals, since the outermost layers of paint are constantly exposed to air and water. If the metal’s outer finish is not protected by a wax coating or polyurethane, the oxygen molecules in the air will eventually start interacting with the paint. As the oxygen burns up the free radicals contained in the paint, the finish becomes duller and duller. Restoration efforts may include removing several layers of affected paint and reapplying a new layer of protectant.

SOLUTION:

The corrosion can be prevented from acid and sulphur formation to oxidation reaction, using the HYDROGEN+TUKS formulation. Destructive oxidation cannot occur if the oxygen cannot penetrate a surface to reach the free radicals it craves. This is why stainless steel doesn't rust and ordinary steel does. The stainless steel has a thin coating of another metal which does not contain free radicals. The proprietary processes can be called ENCAPSULATED Technology, preventing the acid and sulphur formation and thus, breaking the oxidation reaction primarily due to electron donations. Each single particle of acid, sulphur, and oxides that releases will then be blocked by nanonised particles of Nucleophilic Diesel Oil, because the nanonised particles of oil has more than particles disseminated than that of the three acid, sulphur, and oxides that attached with one another in the form of encapsulation processes and thus forming a new controlled useful substance. Therefore, the previous adverse effect of corrosion effects using hydrogen as the energy carrier has been fully encapsulated and controlled.

COMBUSTION:

Combustion is the name given to the chemical reaction between fuel and oxygen which results in the production of heat. The oxygen is usually derived from the air, which unites chemically with the carbon, hydrogen, and a few minor elements in the fuel to produce heat, which is also known as the ignition temperature. Once the fuel is ignited, it must supply sufficient heat to raise the temperature and establish continuous combustion. Unfortunately, ordinary water and fuel mixture does not inhibit the three basic requirements for combustion to be established in succeeding to use the hydrogen fuel for power plants such as, temperature, heat, and oxygen. Because, water blended with fuel alone, can only cause sputtering of the flame and will never be enough to provide replication of the three basic elements unless, (internationally patent applied) nucleophilic process is adopted

SOLUTION:

The proper combustion can be achieved through the proper mixture of oxygen and fuel. The oxygen is usually derived from the air, which unites chemically with the carbon, hydrogen, and a few minor elements in the fuel to produce heat. A steam boiler chamber is perfectly good for Nucleophilic Diesel Oil to produce the desired molecular attraction. The fundamental design is fitted to inhibit the proper mixture of oxygen and fuel to achieve the higher rate of combustion efficiency. The NDO attracts water and water has oxygen, and in the process of heating the water is easily vaporized to produce more oxygen which is the basic component of good oxygen & fuel mixture to promote better combustion and releases cleaner emissions.

CALORIFIC VALUE:

Calorific value of a fuel is the quantity of heat generated in kilocalories by complete burning of one kilogram weight of fuel. Gross calorific value is higher than net calorific value to the extent of heat required to change water formed by combustion into water vapors. Without electron substitution it is impossible to produce proper latent heat of vaporization. The fact that there is no substitution it will remain the same, meaning cannot be changed leading to incomplete burning.

SOLUTION:

Technically, regular diesel oil with cetane rating of 49 has a higher calorific value of 44000. Thus, considering the technical enhancement of Nucleophilic Diesel Oil from a regular cetane number of 49 it reaches 57, an increased of 8 points. It transcends all the lowest technical specifications into more useful characteristics of molecular alignments.

CETANE NUMBER:

CN is actually a measure of a fuel's ignition delay, the time period between the start of injection and the first identifiable pressure increase during combustion of the fuel. Generally, boilers and engines run well with a CN from 40 to 55. Fuels with higher cetane number which have shorter ignition delays provide more time for the fuel combustion process to be completed. Unfortunately, when using a water and fuel blend will drop significantly the combustion properties leading to poor engine and boilers performances.

SOLUTION:

Nucleophilic Diesel Oil increases the cetane number by 8 points from CN49 to CN57 through the Department Of Energy’s laboratory analysis. In this enhancement the manifestation of technical advancement shows when we run the GENERATOR SET with 70% water and 30% NDO, it runs the same as the regular diesel fuel

BENEFITS OF HYDROGEN+TUKS

ULTRA LOW EMISSIONS
GUARANTEED 15% SAVINGS (BUNKER & DIESEL FUEL) for CHARCOAL 1% SAVINGS ONLY
NO MODIFICATION IN POWER PLANTS

ULTRA LOW EMISSION:

Coal, Bunker, and Diesel Fuel are the primary fuel for generation of electricity in the world. The lower cost of these sources of energy compared to expensive natural gas make them today’s preferred choice for power generation. However, it does represent a challenging effort in reduction of toxic emissions from CO2, Sox, Nox, and PM. In response to this challenge HYDROGEN+TUKS created a precise electron substitution processes in the form of nanonised particles using the magnetic distillation production with limited 400 degrees centigrade temperature. Thus, the end product is produced Nucleophilic Diesel Oil, which has the ability to attract water particles to form a unified one single carbon atom. The unification can be called “water lover” that can be used as energy carrier to reduce significantly the major toxic emissions of power plant like Co2, Sox, NOx, and PM to be commercially considered as Ultra Low Emission (ULE).

15% SAVINGS:

The production to produce Ultra Low Emission in power plants would require an expensive investment, because the sulphur content must be separated, and the separation requires installation of desulphurization reactor which is a very expensive one. However, with Nucleophilic Diesel Oil will easily control the sulphur using HYDROGEN+TUKS principle, and hydrogen is much cheaper than that of a fuel cost that result in 15% savings when you use it.